Coups have led to impoverishment of leaders and economic stagnation
SUVA: May 14 marked the 23rd anniversary of the first military coup in Fiji’s history. The Citizens’ Constitutional Forum (CCF) has requested that the Interim Government commence an inclusive political dialogue in Fiji to find a way back to sustainable elected democracy.
“Moving back to an elected government is the way forward for Fiji and the international community accepts that this can be done through an inclusive political dialogue,” CCF chief executive officer Rev Akuila Yabaki said. “Since independence in 1970, Fiji’s economy has performed better under elected governments. Human rights and freedoms have been better enjoyed by people under elected governments.”
The coups in 1987, 2000 and 2006, by comparison, have resulted in economic stagnation, loss of investor confidence and a decline of quality leaders in Fiji, as many skilled people migrated and many remaining leaders do not want to contribute to unstable coup-ridden governments. In addition to loss of skilled labour, Fiji has missed out on development opportunities and rights and freedoms have been restricted due to coups.
“We don’t need a coup to end the coup cycle or to end racism, because we cannot break the supreme law of a country to protect the rule of law,” Rev Yabaki said. “Racism and coup culture can be ended by a simple commitment from all citizens of Fiji – including members of the military – not to engage in these activities.”
“Fiji needs to learn its lesson and stop repeating the mistakes of the past. We can only do that by stopping the cycle of coups, and returning to a sustainable elected democratic government,” Rev Yabaki said. “Given the current state of the economy, the need for inclusive political dialogue, as envisaged by Fiji citizens who contributed to the People’s Charter process in 2008, is now more urgent than ever.”
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1987 coup scoop reporter tells how it was
— Sam Thompson
Democracy as we knew it in Fiji ended on the stroke of 10am on May 14, 1987.
The chiming of the clock at government buildings was the signal for the then Colonel Sitiveni Rabuka and his men to storm Parliament and kidnap the democratically elected government of Dr Timoci Bavadra.
Every journalist has a defining moment in their career. My claim to fame was this one. I broke the news to the world. But I almost missed out on being a witness to one of the most momentous moments that changed the course of Fiji’s history.
At the time I was a cocky 26-year-old editor of Fiji’s first commercial radio station FM96.
I say that because we were redefining radio from the drab drivel of the government-run stations at the time.
We pushed the boundaries by starting hourly news bulletins with a three-man news team, against the vast resources of the government broadcaster. They said it couldn’t be done because Fiji was too small and many on the sideline were watching, expecting us to fall flat on our faces.
With this backdrop of having much to prove, I was sitting at my desk on that fateful day exploring options of how to generate fresh news for the top of the hour. The tedium of a parliamentary session, trying to make sense of what our elected representatives were saying, was unappealing, but I decided was a necessary evil.
So I ended up at the press gallery, bored silly, and because I had skipped breakfast hunger pains were setting in. This was the pre-mobile phone era where land lines were fiercely guarded and faxes ruled. There was just one phone next to the press gallery where Hansard recording was taking place.
At 10am when the clock started chiming, I decided I had enough and got up to leave, when I noticed Rabuka striding through the parliamentary chamber towards the Speaker.
My curiosity peaked and I decided breakfast could wait.
Rabuka was not in uniform, he was dressed smartly, coat and tie and a sulu, no indication of what’s to come.
Shortly after balaclava clad men, dressed in army fatigues, brandishing pistols barged into parliament positioned themselves behind Government MPs.
I remember thinking this is an unusual exercise for the army to conduct, but then my journalistic instincts kicked in and I started counting heads and observing details.
Among those were Rabuka instructing government parliamentarians to follow his men out of Parliament.
Prime Minister Dr Timoci Bavadra leaning back in his chair, rolling his eyes upwards, slapping his table with both hand, pushing himself up in defiance.
A soldier, placing a gun in his back and ordering him to lead the way out of parliament.
Other government MPs roughly pulled out of their seats and shoved along at gunpoint, some stumbling, others leaning on each other for support, in confusion.
Fiji Broadcasting Corporation journalist Francis Herman (who later became chief executive of FBC) and I looked at each other and it dawned on us at the same time that this is a coup.
Both of us scrambled for the only phone. He got there first.
The nearest phone for me was the Ministry of Information building next door.
I went charging down the gallery stairs. The old parliamentary entrance had bat wing doors, like the cowboy movies. I burst through that and came to a screeching halt with an AK 42 rifle in my stomach and a balaclava clad soldier at the end of it wanting to know what the … I was doing.
Like any B grade movie, I immediately put my hand up, shaking my note pad, as if that was going to be any help, shouting: “I’m a reporter, I’m a reporter”. He obviously had more pressing issues to deal with and told me to “get the… out of here”.
I didn’t need to be told twice.
I raced into the Ministry of Information building, shouting give me a phone, any phone now.
The Director of Information at that time was Peter Thomson. He wanted to know what the urgency was.
While dialling the radio station, I said there had been a coup. He and a few others around at the time laughed and said yeah right.
By that time I had been put through to the studio, I told the announcer to fade the music with breaking news.
I started my report saying there has been a military takeover and gave details of Rabuka and his men storming Parliament and taking government MPs hostage.
Peter Thomson heard the report in stunned silence and finally said: “Well they are going to be here wanting to put out a press release.”
One of the Information Ministry reporters grabbed the phone from me and said I can’t use it anymore.
Francis Herman should have broken the biggest story in Fiji’s history. He later told me he was trying to convince his superiors that there had been a coup, but no one would believe him. I had no such problems, I was the editor, no one was going to argue with me.
So I waited for the first news release by Rabuka, officially telling Fiji citizens, their lives had changed for ever.
By that time the building was surrounded by armed soldiers.
I grabbed the first the copy out of the printer and jumped through a window, my only way out of the building.
I ran to the road to flag down a car to get to the radio station as soon as possible, to get the official statement to air.
The first vehicle to come along was a police van which I flagged down. Luckily I knew the officers from my days doing the police round. They said hop in and they will drop me and started asking what was the hurry.
I said there had been coup.
Their response “Oh yeah, so what happened”. I said “you know a coup, don’t know what the hell’s going to happen now”. They looked at me blankly so I explained to them the military has taken over, guns are involved, elected government is under arrest.
It suddenly dawned on them what a coup was, they both looked at each other and said to me “we can’t take you to FM96 anymore we’ll drop you at the nearest taxi stand”.
By that time the military had stormed the Fiji Sun, The Fiji Times and FBC and shut them down. FM 96 was the new kid on the block, they forgot about us when they planned the coup. When I arrived at the station there was no soldier in sight.
I got Rabuka’s official statement that he had taken over the country to air and had a field day getting reactions. Emotional clips of Bavadra’s wife and relatives of other MPs, Opposition sentiments to the coup.
It was picked up by the wire service. The news had got out. It took the military four hours to realise people knew what was going on because they had tuned into FM96.
By that time, I had done numerous interviews with overseas news organisations, including Radio New Zealand, Radio Australia, BBC and Voice of America.
Sam Thompson now lives in Auckland, and works for NewstalkZB radio station