Cape Verde (Cabo Verde)

Ti ena boukou koze lor Kap Ver (Cabo Verde) avan eleksion 2014 me ti kasiet laverite fondamantal. Arsipel Kap Ver ki trouv apepre 350 mil alwes Senegal/Moritani dan Osean Atlantik li ena enn sistem semi-prezidansiel avek 2 sant pouvwar. Kan Parti Prezidan kontrol parlman, peyna problem me kan prezidans kontrole par enn parti politik ek parlman par enn lot, lerla konfli ant de pouvwar paraliz leta.

Ala analiz Lydia Beuman (www. http://presidential-power.com/?cat=283 ) ki finn etidie sa realite la: … “problems started to emerge between the president’s party and the ruling party over the appointment of members of the so-called external organs of parliament such as the Media Regulatory Authority (ARC), the Data Protection Authority (CNPD) and the National Elections Committee (CNE). These nominations need to be approved by a supporting vote of a two-thirds majority in parliament. In other words, the ruling party and the opposition need to reach a consensus on the composition of these organs. Yet the appointments have been delayed several times, leading the ruling party to accuse the opposition of intentionally blocking negotiations.

The absence of political consensus between the two dominant parties has affected the judicial branch as well. Cabo Verde has no constitutional court even though the (revised) 1998 constitution provides for its establishment. This is because the PAICV and the MpD have been unable to reach consensus on the composition of the court. Also the appointment of a new prosecutor-general has been delayed. While the term of the incumbent prosecutor-general formally ended on 11 October 2013, the tug-of-war between the president and prime minister has so far prevented the nomination of a new candidate.

Power sharing has also led to a power struggle over foreign policy issues. In particular, the president and prime minister have publicly disagreed on who should represent Cabo Verde at the Africa summit scheduled for August 2014 in Washington. According to the prime minister, the government is responsible for the foreign policy and not the head of state. The prime minister also made clear that Cabo Verde adopted a semi-presidential system and not a presidential system. The president, for his part, said that it was too early to talk about these issues eight months ahead of the summit.

Legislative and presidential elections are scheduled for February and August 2016, respectively.  Yet elections are unlikely to resolve crucial issues such as the nonexistence of a constitutional court. Cabo Verde’s political landscape is dominated by two more or less equally strong political parties. To pass such crucial legislation these parties need to work together, regardless of whether there is cohabitation or not.”

Bizen rekonet ki elektora pou bann diferan rezon finn fer seki ti bizen fer parski Paul Berenger ek Dr Navin Ramgoolam ti pe amenn nou dan trou. Eski zot pa ti kone? Ousa zot ti pe koz manti ar nou pou anbet nou? Dan toulede ka zot koupab.

* Published in print edition on 23 January  2015

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